Bibliographic citation

Of course, when writing your work, you are releasing documents (ie books, articles, etc.) of other authors. However, always make sure it is clear when it comes to your own text and when it is taken over, ie to always properly use the work in the form of a bibliographic citation. The obligation to adhere to citation ethics is stipulated by the Copyright Act No. 121/2000. Non-reading of used literature is considered plagiarism.

Therefore, plagiarism is considered to be:

  • the alienation of a foreign manuscript and its publication under its name
  • taking someone else’s idea or work out without mentioning the actual author
  • taking part of a text or paragraphs without giving a bibliographic citation
  • accepting the original text, which we will only stylistically modify

Do not underestimate it because there is a good chance that you will be exposed a) by your teacher, b) today there are software tools for comparing texts that can be used to describe them at universities.

Bibliographic citations should be included in any professional publication, including college text. They consist of a description that unambiguously identifies the document from which the author drew when writing his work.

General principles:

Include bibliographic citations of all sources from which you drew on your work.

Do not include sources that you have not used for your work in the bibliographic citation of the literature used.

Use accurate data in such a way that the cited source can be retrieved and retrieved through it.

Use professional and trustworthy resources, resources with clear authorship in your work, and always consider whether the resource is relevant to the topic. Don’t just rely on Wikipedia, Google, List, and other general resources.

You prove the knowledge of important authors in the field and the state of knowledge of the topic.

You confirm your work with finding relevant resources on the topic.

You prove by understanding the topic and how you orient yourself in the issue.

This allows others to find the original document.


In what form and in what order they write down the citation international standards.

In some cases, other formats are used (especially foreign scientific journals).

Ask your supervisor what instruction (style, format) to use to create citations. Unless otherwise stated, always use the standards listed.

Citation rule – contains rules for writing and referencing bibliographic citations of printed monographic publications and their parts, journal (serial) articles, contributions to monographs (eg conference proceedings) and patent documents

Standart – specifies methods of citing electronic resources: monographs, databases and computer programs and parts thereof, electronic serial publications (magazines) and their parts (articles), electronic bulletin boards, discussion forums and electronic messages, both for electronic publications on the appropriate media (CD ROM, disc), as well as online documents for which there is still a need for computer network availability

Quote includes 3 basic steps:

  • creation of bibliographic citations
  • ordering their inventory in a uniform manner
  • reference in text to bibliographic citations in the inventory

From the beginning of the work on the scientific text, it is necessary to realize that the reference in the text must correspond to the bibliographic citations in the list and that the ordering of the list is formally prescribed. Therefore, choose the appropriate way of citing what you want and where you want to publish. Universities usually require compliance with a valid standard, but some publishers insist on established practices.

It is good to consult with the supervisor, what form of citing in the text.